Changes from medieval to renaissance art.
The medieval emphasis on architecture was on vertical buildings, which pointed towards God and Heaven. Renaissance buildings were horizontal and hugged the ground. Antique methods of building were rediscovered which had not been used during the middle ages.
Medieval sculptors were statues of the saints that were unrealistic and symbolic. Renaissance sculptors studied many antique statues and celebrated the human form for its own sake (humanism).
The gold backgrounds of medieval paintings were replaced during the renaissance. Painting represented the real three-dimensional world with perfectly proportioned human figures.
1395 - 1455
San Marco, Florence
Piero della FrancescaFlagellation of Christ - Christ's Passion
Baptism of Christ